TAble of Contents

THE PROLOGUE: The Alternative Energy Megatrend in the Age of Great Power Competition

Foreword

Summary

Acknowledgements

Introduction

Part 1. About the Prologue – Introducing Modern Alternative Energy as a Socio-Political, Techno-Economic, and Ideological Megatrend in a Universally Securitized World

Chapter I. Setting the Stage – how is the 21st century world becoming universally securitized?

1. Exploring and mastering the new security contexts.
2. How is securitization possible and enacted in a universally securitized world?
3. The alternative energy megatrend’s multiple security connotations. 

Chapter II. The grand entrance – modern alternative energy assuming the mantle of a socio-political, techno-economic, and ideological megatrend.

1. The promise of alternative energy technologies: turning dreams and visions into reality?
2. The trend’s emerging identity as a factor in the Grand Energy Game: the mutually reinforcing and converging drivers behind the trend.  

Chapter III. A very brief history of alternative energy’s future – contemporary constructions charting alternative energy’s progress.

1. The historicity: how the modern construction of alternative energy, its past and its future have been shaped. 
2. The “Golden Age” redux: envisaging alternative energy’s “past” from antiquity to the Age of Enlightenment. 
3. The re-conceptualization: the juxtaposition with fossil fuels enabling the envisioning of practical alternative energy applications from the Industrial Revolution to the latter half of the 20th century. 
4. The transformation: the post-Cold War paradigm shift in the context of globalization and the global technological revolution.
5. Achieving the impossible: the impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and Artificial Intelligence on the alternative energy megatrend.
6. The delayed arrival of the future: assuring the marvelous prospects of alternative energy. 

In Conclusion: How have alternative energy developments in the 21st century evolved in to a socio-political, techno-economic, and ideological megatrend in a universally securitized world?

Part 2. Geopolitics – Charting a complex megatrend in a globally securitized world under the gathering storm of old and new Great Power Rivalries.

Chapter I. The equilibrium – plotting one more variable, the megatrend, on the geopolitical system in flux.

1. The megatrend shedding a new light on the equilibrium. 
2. Core-Periphery dynamics: the megatrend as a counterweight between multiplying power centers. 
3. East-West rivalries: how the megatrend is reshaping past Western hegemony along new lines of contention and cooperation. 
4. The North-South divide: the megatrend’s projected iterations altering divisions and alignments. 
5. Top-down build up and bottom-up pressures: changes in state-society relations. 

Chapter II. The resources – rethinking the political topography of energy.

1. Solar: generating power potential for the South and beyond. 
2. Wind: game-changing potential?
3. Biofuels: national interest-driven competitive advantages. 
4. Hydropower: proven performance with limited scope for future expansion. 
5. Geothermal and tidal sources: holding promise for many but still at the experimental stage.
6. Space-based sources of energy: the new frontier.
7. Rare earth elements: another area of potential conflict.

Chapter III. The old and some new actors – the cast of the Grand Energy Play.

1. The dynamic and interconnected networks: fluid balances of multidimensional alliances and divisions. 
2. State actors: emerging postures and the pursuit of untested options. 
3. Non-state actors: deriving new powers and moving toward the spotlight. 

In Conclusion: The megatrend reveals 21st century security complexities that are rapidly reshaping geopolitical divisions and stances in the age of new Great Power Competition. 

Part 3. The Alternative Energy Megatrend’s trajectory across the transforming energy, defense, environmental and economic security domains.

Chapter I. The modern age of energy security – factoring in the alternative energy megatrend.

1. The broadening scope of energy security: new approaches to securing energy and new threats to stability.
2. The viability of alternative energy technologies: the challenges to be addressed to ensure the alternative energy megatrend’s future energy security relevance.
3. The megatrend as an attitude modifier: offering a new slant on socio-political perceptions, attitudes, and energy relations.
4. Energy securitization: a new means of projecting power?
5. Nuclear power: charting a possible roadmap for the future of the alternative energy megatrend.

Chapter II. 21st century defense transformation – the influence of the alternative energy megatrend.

1. The expanding defense mandate: the perspective of the alternative energy megatrend.
2. Alternative energy: an element of the growing spectrum of technologies spurring defense transformation. 
3. The transformation of defense strategies: the megatrend highlights new capabilities, missions, and areas of strategic engagement and cooperation. 
4. The defense benefits promised by alternative energy: not just adapting to the new strategic environment, but rather new forms of power projection and strategic engagement. 
5. The practical uptake of renewables by defense establishments worldwide: U.S. maintaining a leading role.
6. The uneasy question of renewables’ viability: do they meet defense requirements?

Chapter III. Environmental security revisited – the alternative energy megatrend redefining the securitization of the global habitat.

1. The modern redefinition of environmental security: the emergence of actionable environmental policies promised by alternative energy.
2. Environmental policies: an emerging cross-border renewable energy framework. 
3. “Greening” geopolitics: the megatrend as a focal point for strengthening environmental security-related cooperation and competition.  
4. The megatrend’s role in mitigating environmental security challenges.  

Chapter IV. Global economic security – the alternative energy megatrend highlighting a growing reliance on geo-economic statecraft in the competition escalation.

1. The evolution of economic security: the alternative energy megatrend’s foothold in economic security considerations. 
2. Leviathan as a market maker: economic imperatives and policy tools propelling the alternative energy megatrend.  
3. The alternative energy market: emerging at the juncture of the private and public sectors.   
4. Geo-economics in a universally securitized world: the promise and the warnings of the alternative energy megatrend. 

In Conclusion: How does the alternative energy megatrend affect the future of the energy, defense, environmental, and economic security domains? 

Part 4. The Metamorphoses – the alternative energy megatrend’s inevitable demise and future security trajectory.

Chapter I. Charting the megatrend’s future course.

1. The demise?
2. The ascent?
3. The dynamics.

Chapter II. The progression of the alternative energy megatrend – making headway in a multi-centric world in the new age of Great Power Competition.

1. The Americas: broadening energy security considerations and new avenues of power projection. 
2. Europe: a millennial strategy.  
3. China: assuming a central role and regional hegemony via a broader strategy of national development and security with renewables-related geopolitical leadership. 
4. Asia-Pacific: pursuing alternative energy developments to match the regional hegemon.  
5. The Greater Middle East and Africa: experimentation restricted by the dominance of fossil fuels in the Middle East and the “Grand Energy Game” replayed in Africa.

Chapter III. Rebalancing U.S. policies for the new age of Great Power Competition – prioritization imperatives in a universally securitized world.

1. Factoring the new and upcoming security complexities of the alternative energy megatrend’s progression: the securitization policies. 
2. Proactively shaping the emerging security context of the Great Power Competition: the tentative emergence of new principles underpinning the global security architecture.   
3. Policy prioritization: avoiding the pitfalls in formulating desirable securitization goals in the age of Great Power Competition.   

In Conclusion: What are the plausible scenarios for the megatrend’s linear and nonlinear developments in the new iteration of Great Power Competition? 

The Epilogue to THE PROLOGUE – is the Alternative Energy Megatrend a search for a 21st century Arcanum? 

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